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托福中最亮的星,你能否听清?

上海朗阁h时间:2019-07-29 17:20


最近
华为申请了手机拍摄月亮的专利
最然采用了一定的合成技术
但用手机也能拍出高清的月亮
感觉很棒耶
 
 
说到月亮
上周考完托福的宝宝一定还对某个听力lecture记忆犹新👇
 
 
月亮、星星之类的天文话题
向来集ETS宠爱于一身
阅读爱考
听力爱考
频次又高
题目又难
“托福中最亮的星,我听不清……”
cry
不要怕!
今天带你学习
 
天文学高频词汇
- ASTRONOMY -
 
1. Asteroid n.小行星 adj.星状的
 
英文释义
any one of the many small planets which go around the sun
 
asteroid belt 小行星带
binary asteroid 双小行星
 
2. Axis n.轴;轴心国
 
英文释义
an imaginary line through the centre of an object, around which the object turns
 
The Earth spins on its own axis.
地球绕着地轴自转。
 
3. Big Bang n.宇宙大爆炸(一种关于宇宙起源的学说)
 
英文释义
the idea that the universe began with a single large explosion (the ‘big bang’), and that the pieces are still flying apart.
宇宙大爆炸是一种关于宇宙起源的理论。
 
4. Black hole n. 黑洞
 
 
英文释义
an area in space that nothing, not even light, can escape from, because gravity is so strong there.
黑洞是宇宙中包括光线在内的任何东西都无法逃逸的强引力区域。
5. Comet n.彗星
 
 
英文释义
a mass of ice and dust that moves around the sun and looks like a bright star with a tail
彗星因形状如通过拖着的长发而得名。
Halley's Comet is going to come back in 2061. 
哈雷彗星将在2061年返回。
 
6. Constellation n. 星座
 
英文释义
a group of stars that forms a shape in the sky and has a name
 
Chinese Zodiac生肖
 
 
7. Cosmos 宇宙
 
英文释义
the universe, especially when it is thought of as an ordered system
 
our place in the cosmos 
我们在宇宙中的位置
the structure of the cosmos 
宇宙的结构
 
8. Dark matter n. 暗物质
 
英文释义
according to some theories, material which exists in space that does not produce any light 暗物质(根据一些理论,指太空中不发光的物质)
 
9. Ellipse n.椭圆
 
英文释义
a regular oval shape, like a circle that has been squeezed on two sides; shape of planetary orbits
 
The Earth orbits in an ellipse.
地球轨道呈椭圆形。
 
10. Equinox n.春分,秋分,昼夜平分点
 
英文释义
one of the two times in the year (around 20 March and 22 September) when the sun is above the equator and day and night are of equal length
 
In the Chinese calendar, the Spring Equinox always occurs in the second month.
在中国历法中,春分总是出现在2月。
 
11. Galaxy n.银河;星系
 
英文释义
any of the large systems of stars, etc. in outer space 
 
the Milky Way 银河的比喻用法
源自于希腊语galaxias,词根gala意为“乳汁”,古希腊人认为银河是天后赫拉的乳汁流淌而成的。
 
Astronomers have discovered a distant galaxy.
天文学家们发现了一个遥远的星系。
 
 
12. Light year n. 光年
(约为94605亿千米)
 
英文释义
the distance that light travels in one year, 9.4607 × 1012 kilometres, used for measuring distances between stars(光年是距离单位哦~)
 
 
Buzz Lightyear:找我有事吗?
 
13. Meteor 流星
 
 
英文释义
a piece of rock from outer space that makes a bright line across the night sky as it burns up while falling through the earth's atmosphere
 
a meteor shower 流星雨
 
14. Nebula n.星云
 
英文释义
a mass of dust or gas that can be seen in the night sky, often appearing very bright
 
They were near a dark-matter nebula.
他们靠近了一个暗物质星云。
 
 
复仇者联盟的故事里也有一位“星云”
 
15. Gravity n.重力
 
英文释义
the force that attracts objects in space towards each other, and that on the earth pulls them towards the centre of the planet, so that things fall to the ground when they are dropped
 
Newton's law of gravity 牛顿万有引力定律
(Gravity另有“庄重”、“严肃”的意思)
 
16. Orbit n./v.轨道;绕…作轨道运行
 
英文释义
a curved path followed by a planet or an object as it moves around another planet, star, moon, etc. 
 
A new satellite has been put into orbit around the earth. 一颗新的人造卫星被送上了环绕地球的轨道。
 
 
17. Rotation n.自转;旋转
 
英文释义
the action of an object moving in a circle around a central fixed point
 
the daily rotation of the earth on its axis 
地球每天的自转
 
 
18. solar eclipse 日蚀
 
英文释义
when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth
 
When is the next solar eclipse? 
下一次日食是什么时候?
 
 
19.Lunar eclipse 月蚀
 
英文释义
In a lunar eclipse, Earth passes between the sun and the moon. 
 
 
20. Solstice n.至;至点
 
来自于古拉丁语“point at which the sun seems to stand still”,字面意思即太阳停止的地方。
 
英文释义
either of the two times of the year at which the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky at midday, marked by the longest and shortest days
 
Summer solstice 夏至
Winter solstice 冬至

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